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file setupdd.sys could not be loaded error code 4 on windows XP has been solved

By on 07:20











How To Become A Millionaire

By on 16:20





Installing Windows 7 on Mac Computer using Boot Camp

By on 23:08

For Mac users who also need to use a PC at work, home or just with specific applications, there is a solution. Using Boot Camp Assistant, you can install Windows 7 on your Intel-based Mac computer in its own partition. You’ll have a dual-boot system with your Mac OS on one partition and Windows on another. See the prerequisites below to see what you’ll need to do this.


Prerequisites:
  1. All firmware updates installed on your Mac
  2. A Windows 7 installation DVD with a Product ID (Full version, not an Upgrade version)

    If you do not have Windows 7 yet, you can purchase it online at the Microsoft Store.
  3. A Mac OS X Snow Leopard or Mac OS X Lion installation DVD
  4. A copy of Boot Camp version 3.3 (4.0 for Mac OS X Lion)

How to Fix External Hard Disk "Access is Denied" Error "Do You Want To Format?"

By on 23:07

1. Make sure your hard disk is plugged to the system  
2. Click start and type cmd and click on it










How To Get Nigeria Postal Code To Fill Your Online Or Paper Application Form

By on 22:09










How To Bring Back Hidden Files From Virus Affected USB Flash

By on 12:14











How To Connect Your Phone To Computer Using Bluetooth To Browse The Internet

By on 20:47











How To Make Money From Youtube Videos

By on 11:45


YouTube isn't profitable yet, but that doesn't mean you can't make money on the video sharing site. We recently profiled 10 YouTube stars who have already figured out how to make hundreds of thousands of dollars off their videos. We estimated one star, Philip

Three Simple Ways To Backup Your Android Contacts + SMS

By on 23:59


Saving your contacts online or offline is quite good as it protect your contacts and SMS from any possible phone lost or damage.
  • ·     FIRST
Using Android App To Backup Your Android  SMS

Website for ChibokGirls.com and BringBackOurGirls.com

By on 07:10


There is currently a global outcry as well as pressure on the Nigerian government to ensure the release of the 234 Chibok girls whose whereabouts are unknown up till this very moment, even to the Federal government of Nigeria.

How to Compress Images in MS-Word and Powerpoint

By on 12:45

Due to file size limits, you will want to make sure all documents you upload are as compressed as possible. Files greater than 10MB in size cannot be uploaded. In the team file sharing area the total size limit is 50MB for the team.
Check the file size as follows:
  • Right click the file and choose Properties from the right click menu.
  • File size is on the General tab. The exact location varies depending on the version of Windows.

MTN Now Sells Bulk SMS

By on 19:05

Dear Customer,
Sending multiple SMS messages just got a lot easier. Now, from the convenience of any internet-enabled phone, tablet or PC you can blast your multiple SMS messages at a cost-effective price and without getting a 3rd party involved.

How to Double Etisalat Data Plan using just N100

By on 12:36

From the innovative and rewarding 0809ja network comes Easyblaze Value Pack for data subscribers!
Etisalat will be rewarding active data subscribers with a whopping 100% extra from their data recharges!
To enjoy the offer, a subscriber only needs to take the following steps:
  • 1. To subscribe, text ON to 229 or dial *229*1#
  • 2. Wait to receive enrolment notification via SMS, then
  • 3. buy any of the data plans below

How to Cook Nigeria Coconut Rice

By on 17:36

 This Nigerian food is called the Jollof Rice with a twist! It feels good to see the looks on your guests' or friends' faces when they think you are serving them the good old Jollof Rice but bam, the moment the first spoon enters the mouth, you are sure to get the looks of pleasure! It makes you feel good, doesn't it?
Yes, it looks the same as the Jollof Rice you know but the aroma and taste is different. Why don't you surprise your guests tonight by preparing this easy dinner recipe?

How To Format A Blackberry Phone

By on 12:01



How To Format Or Flash A Blackberry Phone - Restore Factory Settings Before you sell, donate or throw away your BlackBerry phone it's important to ensure that all of your data is wiped from the phone, this wipe ips called a format and occurs when you erase all of the personal data on the phone via the BlackBerry operating system on the phone itself. You may also want to perform a format on your phone if it is not working properly or you want to install an updated software package to the phone.


How to Make Nigerian Juicy Zobo Drink with many Flavours inside

By on 16:29


Zobo drink is a Nigerian beverage made from dried Roselle plant flowers. The drink is also known as Roselle drink and called Sorrel drink in the Carribean.
Zobo has a sour taste so it can clash with sugars. This why I prefer to keep my Zobo drink as natural as possible hence I use only natural ingredients when preparing the drink. You may add artificial flavours and sweeteners such as Nutri-C and sugar if you wish.

Direct Link to check JAMB RESULT:

By on 11:13



You might experience network errors cause of huge traffic on jamb site, just randomly click check result till it appears.

Check with your jamb registration number.
this link will allow you to see the result but cant print it
http://www.jamb.org.ng/postregistrationefacility/VerifyResult.aspx?id=16

you may also try this.
I have observed that most people can't check their jamb results online with their phones due to the inability to access the jamb website through mobile phones, but this will work out.



this link will require you to provide scratch card
 www.jamb.org.ng/unifiedtme3 

Put in the registration number, pin and serial number. and check result.





we can assist you to check it... just drop your jamb number on the comment box

BEWARE!!!
Be mindful of scammers rigmaroling the web looking for any slightest means to fill their pockets, Note that jamb scores can NOT be upgraded, even if you see printed scripts showing evidence of such melodrama, have in mind that the printed materials have been manipulated and dosen't reflect on jamb's database. Be warned!!!

How To Unlock/Reset Your Android Password Pattern Lock

By on 15:19






This tutorial will show you how to unlock and reset your android device lock pattern if you have forgotten your lock pattern and can remember your Google/Gmail account.

If you have synchronized your android device with Google Gmail account before then you just need to signin your Gmail account and the lock pattern will be removed, but if you have not sync your device with Gmail or you have forgotten your Gmail ID then no need to panic just follow the step below and you will reset your android device and lock pattern will be removed.

Steps to recover lock pattern of any android device phone
  1. Switch off the phone.
  2. Now hold this buttons all together at the same time “Volume up + Home Key + Power Button” until the phone boots (if you device doesn’t have a home button just hold together volume up key and power key)
  3. Now a screen like DOS will come up with different options
  4. Use the volume key to move up and down then scroll down to “Restore Factory Defaults” or “Delete all User Data” depending on which is on your device.
  5. After clicking on the settings above, now scroll down to “Reboot System Now ” and wait for your phone to reboot.

Now your phone will reboot and all lock pattern removed.

Latest long life battery android phones

By on 10:18

BATTERY Non-removable Li-Ion 3300 mAh battery
Stand-byUp to 380 h
Talk timeUp to 21 h 30 min 


BATTERYLi-Po 4000 mAh battery
Stand-byUp to 840 h
Talk timeUp to 43 h (2G) / Up to 25 h (3G)



Battery

Capacity4200mAh Li-Ion battery (non removable)
Stand-byUp to 555 hours
Talk timeUp to 31 hours 30 minutes (2G); Up to 24 hours (3G)

How to write a successful CV in a professional way

By on 17:26


Threatening Man with CV

What is a CV?

Curriculum Vitae: an outline of a person's educational and professional history, usually prepared for job applications (L, lit.: the course of one's life). Another name for a CV is a résumé.
A CV is the most flexible and convenient way to make applications. It conveys your personal details in the way that presents you in the best possible light. A CV is a marketing document in which you are marketing something: yourself! You need to "sell" your skills, abilities, qualifications and experience to employers. It can be used to make multiple applications to employers in a specific career area. For this reason, many large graduate recruiters will not accept CVs and instead use their own application form.
Often selectors read CVs outside working hours. They may have a pile of 50 CVs from which to select five interviewees. It's evening and they would rather be in the pub with friends. If your CV is hard work to read: unclear, badly laid out and containing irrelevant information, they will just just move on to the next CV.
Treat the selector like a child eating a meal. Chop your CV up into easily digestible morsels (bullets, short paragraphs and note form) and give it a clear logical layout, with just the relevant information to make it easy for the selector to read. If you do this, you will have a much greater chance of interview.
An application form is designed to bring out the essential information and personal qualities that the employer requires and does not allow you to gloss over your weaker points as a CV does. In addition, the time needed to fill out these forms is seen as a reflection of your commitment to the career.
There is no "one best way" to construct a CV; it is your document and can be structured as you wish within the basic framework below. It can be on paper or on-line or even on a T-shirt (a gimmicky approach that might work for "creative" jobs but not generally advised!).

When should a CV be used?

  • When an employer asks for applications to be received in this format
  • When an employer simply states "apply to ..." without specifying the format
  • When making speculative applications (when writing to an employer who has not advertised a vacancy but who you hope my have one)

What information should a CV include?

What are the most important aspects of CV that you look for?

One survey of employers found that the following aspects were most looked for (From the brilliant 2010 Orange County Resume Survey by Eric Hilden)
45% Previous related work experience 
35% Qualifications & skills
25% Easy to read
16% Accomplishments
14% Spelling & grammar
9% Education (these were not just graduate recruiters for whom this score would be much higher!)
9% Intangibles: individuality/desire to succeed
3% Clear objective
2% Keywords added
1% Contact information
1% Personal experiences
1% Computer skills

Personal details

Normally these would be your name, address, date of birth (although with age discrimination laws now in force this isn't essential), telephone number and email.
British CVs don't usually include a photograph unless you are an actor. In European countries such as France, Belgium and Germany it’s common for CVs to include a a passport-sized photograph in the top right-hand corner whereas in the UK and the USA photographs are frowned upon as this may contravene equal opportunity legislation - a photograph makes it easier to reject a candidate on grounds of ethnicity, sex or age. If you do include a photograph it should be a head and shoulders shot, you should be dressed suitably and smiling: it's not for a passport!

Education and qualifications

Some employers may spend as little as 45 seconds skimming a résumé before branding it “not of interest”, “maybe” or “of interest.
BI Business School
Succinct, eloquent, well-structured.
Towers Hamlyn
Your degree subject and university, plus A levels and GCSEs or equivalents. Mention grades unless poor!

Work experience

  • Use action words such as developed, planned and organised.
  • Even work in a shop, bar or restaurant will involve working in a team, providing a quality service to customers, and dealing tactfully with complaints. Don't mention the routine, non-people tasks (cleaning the tables) unless you are applying for a casual summer job in a restaurant or similar.
  • Try to relate the skills to the job. A finance job will involve numeracy, analytical and problem solving skills so focus on these whereas for a marketing role you would place a bit more more emphasis on persuading and negotiating skills.
  • All of my work experiences have involved working within a team-based culture. This involved planning, organisation, coordination and commitment e.g., in retail, this ensured daily sales targets were met, a fair distribution of tasks and effective communication amongst all staff members.

Interests and achievements

Writing about your interests

Reading, cinema, stamp-collecting, playing computer games
Suggests a solitary individual who doesn't get on with other people. This may not be true, but selectors will interpret the evidence they see before them.
Cinema: member of the University Film-Making Society
Travel: travelled through Europe by train this summer in a group of four people, visiting historic sites and practising my French and Italian
Reading: helped younger pupils with reading difficulties at school.
This could be the same individual as in the first example, but the impression is completely the opposite: an outgoing proactive individual who helps others.
  • Keep this section short and to the point. As you grow older, your employment record will take precedence and interests will typically diminish greatly in length and importance.
  • Bullets can be used to separate interests into different types: sporting, creative etc.
  • Don't use the old boring cliches here: "socialising with friends".
  • Don't put many passive, solitary hobbies (reading, watching TV, stamp collecting) or you may be perceived as lacking people skills. If you do put these, then say what you read or watch: "I particularly enjoy Dickens, for the vivid insights you get into life in Victorian times".
  • Show a range of interests to avoid coming across as narrow : if everything centres around sport they may wonder if you could hold a conversation with a client who wasn't interested in sport.
  • Hobbies that are a little out of the ordinary can help you to stand out from the crowd: skydiving or mountaineering can show a sense of wanting to stretch yourself and an ability to rely on yourself in demanding situations
  • Any interests relevant to the job are worth mentioning: current affairs if you wish to be a journalist; a fantasy share portfolio such as Bullbearings if you want to work in finance.
  • Any evidence of leadership is important to mention: captain or coach of a sports team, course representative, chair of a student society, scout leader: "As captain of the school cricket team, I had to set a positive example, motivate and coach players and think on my feet when making bowling and field position changes, often in tense situations"
  • Anything showing evidence of employability skills such as team working, organising, planning, persuading, negotiating etc.

Skills

  • The usual ones to mention are languages (good conversational French, basic Spanish), computing (e.g. "good working knowledge of MS Access and Excel, plus basic web page design skills" and driving ("full current clean driving licence").
  • If you are a mature candidate or have lots of relevant skills to offer, a skills-based CV may work for you

References

  • Many employers don’t check references at the application stage so unless the vacancy specifically requests referees it's fine to omit this section completely if you are running short of space or to say "References are available on request."
  • Normally two referees are sufficient: one academic (perhaps your tutor or a project supervisor) and one from an employer (perhaps your last part-time or summer job). See our page on Choosing and Using Referees for more help with this.
The order and the emphasis will depend on what you are applying for and what you have to offer. For example, the example media CV lists the candidate's relevant work experience first.
When asked what would make them automatically reject a candidate, employers said:
  • CVs with spelling mistakes or typos 61%
  • CVs that copied large amounts of wording from the job posting 41%
  • CVs with an inappropriate email address 35%
  • CVs that don’t include a list of skills 30%
  • CVs that are more than two pages long 22%
  • CVs printed on decorative paper 20%
  • CVs that detail more tasks than results for previous positions 16%
  • CVs that include a photo 13%
  • CVs that have large blocks of text with little white space 13%
CareerBuilder
If you are applying for more than one type of work, you should have a different CV tailored to each career area, highlighting different aspects of your skills and experience.
A personal profile at the start of the CV can work for jobs in competitive industries such as the media or advertising, to help you to stand out from the crowd. If used, it needs to be original and well written. Don’t just use the usual hackneyed expressions: “I am an excellent communicator who works well in a team…… 
You will also need a Covering Letter to accompany your CV.

What makes a good CV?

There is no single "correct" way to write and present a CV but the following general rules apply:

  • It is targeted on the specific job or career area for which you are applying and brings out the relevant skills you have to offer
  • It is carefully and clearly laid out: logically ordered, easy to read and not cramped
  • It is informative but concise
  • It is accurate in content, spelling and grammar. If you mention attention to detail as a skill, make sure your spelling and grammar is perfect!

If your CV is written backwards on pink polka dot paper and it gets you regular interviews, it's a good CV! The bottom line is that if it's producing results don't change it too much but if it's not, keep changing it until it does.
If it's not working, ask people to look at it and suggest changes. Having said this, if you use the example CVs in these pages as a starting point, you are unlikely to go far wrong.

What mistakes to candidates make on their CV?

One survey of employers found the following mistakes were most common
  • Spelling and grammar 56% of employers found this
  • Not tailored to the job 21%
  • Length not right & poor work history 16%
  • Poor format and no use of bullets 11%
  • No accomplishments 9%
  • Contact & email problems 8%
  • Objective/profile was too vague 5%
  • Lying 2%
  • Having a photo 1%

    Choose a sensible email address!

    One survey found that 76% of CVs with unprofessional email addresses are ignored. Here are some (slightly changed) graduate email addresses that you should NOT emulate!
    • death_metal_kitty@hotmilk.com
    • demented_bovine@gnumail.com
    • so_kiss_me@hotmilk.com
    • platypus_mcdandruff@gnumail.com
    • busty-beth@gnumail.com
    • flockynockyhillipilification@gnumail.com
    • virgin_on_the_ridiculous@hotmilk.com
    • yourmywifenowgraham@gnumail.com
    • original_madcow_jane@gnumail.com
    • circle-of-despair@gnumail.com
    • rage_against_the_trolley_fish@mail.com
    • sexylikewoaaaah@hotmilk.com
  • Others 3% (listing all memberships, listing personal hobbies, using abbreviations)

How long should a CV be?

There are no absolute rules but, in general, a new graduate's CV should cover no more than two sides of A4 paper. In a survey of American employers 35% preferred a one page CV and 19% a two page CV with the others saying it depends upon the position. CVs in the US tend to be shorter than in the UK wher the 2 page CV still dominates for graduates but I do see a trend now towards one page CVs: as employers are getting more and more CVs they tend not to have the time to read long documents!
If you can summarise your career history comfortably on a single side, this is fine and has advantages when you are making speculative applications and need to put yourself across concisely. However, you should not leave out important items, or crowd your text too closely together in order to fit it onto that single side.Academic and technical CVs may be much longer: up to 4 or 5 sides.

How do I get my CV down to two pages from three?

  • First change your margins in MS Word to Page Layout / Margins/ Narrow - this will set your margins to 1.27 cm which are big enough not to look cramped, but give you extra space. See www.kent.ac.uk/careers/cv/word-cv.htm#margins for how to do this.
  • Secondly change your body font to Lucida Sans in 10 pts size. Lucida Sans is a modern font which has been designed for clarity on a computer screen. A good rule of thumb is to have your name in about 18 points, your subheadings such as education and work experience in 14 points and your body font as 10 points.
  • Use tables with two or three columns for your academic results and references.
  • Use bullets for content, rather than long paragraphs of text
  • Finally set line spacings to single space
If after all these tricks you are still on three pages you have to be ruthless with your content: read every single word and remove it if it doesn't add value to your CV!

The one page lean and mean CV!

In certain sectors such as investment banking, management consultancy and top law firms, a one page CV, highly focused, highly objective CV, now seems to be preferred. All of these areas have in common that they are highly competitive to enter and it may be that selectors, faced with so many CVs to work through prefer a shorter CV.
There is no point putting lots of detailed information into a CV which doesn't add any value, and in fact, just dilutes the impact. This is called the presenter's paradox. These CVs normally have lots of single line bullets and no personal statement at the beginning. They are fully of factual, as opposed to subjective, content. You must make every word count. They focus on achievements, initiative and responsibilities more than on tasks and duties. When carefully designed, these can be the very best CVs, but also the hardest to write! 

Tips on presentation

  • Your CV should be carefully and clearly laid out - not too cramped but not with large empty spaces either. Use bold and italic typefaces for headings and important information
  • Never back a CV - each page should be on a separate sheet of paper. It's a good idea to put your name in the footer area so that it appears on each sheet.
  • Be concise: a CV is an appetiser and should not give the reader indigestion. Don't feel that you have to list every exam you have ever taken, or every activity you have ever been involved in - consider which are the most relevant and/or impressive. The best CVs tend to be fairly economical with words, selecting the most important information and leaving a little something for the interview: they are an appetiser rather than the main course. Good business communications tend to be short and to the point, focusing on key facts and your CV should to some extent emulate this. The longer and more dense your CV is, the harder it is for an employer to comprehend your achievements. As Mark Twain said: “If only I had more time, I would write thee a shorter letter”.
    HireRight, a candidate due diligence company, found that 63% of applicants provide incorrect information to potential employers. Steve Girdler of t HireRight, commented: “The challenging employment market created by the economic downturn has increased the number of inaccuracies in CVs and job applications, yet most businesses don’t check the claims of those they are about to employ."
    • 38% exaggerated or lied about their education
    • 35% included incorrect details in their employment history
    • 31% made false statements about professional qualifications and memberships.
  • Be positive - put yourself over confidently and highlight your strong points. For example, when listing your A-levels, put your highest grade first.
  • Be honest: although a CV does allow you to omit details (such as exam resits) which you would prefer the employer not to know about, you should never give inaccurate or misleading information. CVs are not legal documents and you can't be held liable for anything within, but if a recruiter picks up a suggestion of falsehoods you will be rapidly rejected. An application form which you have signed to confirm that the contents are true is however a legal document and forms part of your contract of employment if you are recruited.
  • The sweet spot of a CV is the area selectors tend to pay most attention to: this is typically around the upper middle of the first page, so make sure that this area contains essential information.
  • If you are posting your CV, don't fold it - put it in a full-size A4 envelope so that it doesn't arrive creased.

FontsFonts for CVs

  • TIMES NEW ROMAN is the standard windows "serif" font. A safe bet - law firms seem to like it but it isn't easy to read on the screen, especially in the small font size you may need to use to get your CV on one or two pages. If you do prefer to use a serif font, try CAMBRIA which has been designed for screen readability. See the example fonts to the right to see how much clearer Cambria looks than Times New Roman.
  • I personally prefer sans fonts - sans fonts don't have the curly bits (called serifs) on letters. ARIAL is a standard Windows "sans" font and is now used by the BBC web site which used to use Verdana. As you can see sans fonts are cleaner and more modern than Times or Cambria and also look larger in the same "point" size (the point size is simply how big the letters are on the page). However Arial and Times New Roman are so common that they're a little boring to the eye.
    Unnecessary use of complex words or hard to read fonts gives a bad impression: people who use simple, clear language are rated as more intelligent.
  • Classier choices might be VERDANA or LUCIDA SANS which have wider letters than most fonts but if you are running out of space then Arial is more space saving, as is TAHOMA which is a narrower version of Verdana. Notice how, in the example to the right, Verdana looks bigger and easier to read than Times New Roman. CALIBRI is now the standard MS Word font but is smaller and perhaps less clear than Arial, Verdana or Lucida Sans (see the examples to the right again). Never use COMIC SANS of course!
  • FONT SIZE is normally 12 points for the normal font with larger sizes for subheadings and headings.
  • Or 10 points. My favourite CV body text font is 10 point Verdana or Lucida Sans with 12 or 14 points for sub headings.
  • 14 points is too big for the normal body font - wastes space and looks crude.
  • and 8 or 9 points too small to be easily readable by everyone, especially in Times New Roman which should not be used in sizes less than 11 points
  • Although many people use 12 points, some research on this suggested that smaller point size CVs (within reason) were perceived as more intellectual!

  • Most CVs are now read on screen rather than on paper. It's no coincidence that Serif fonts are rarely used on the web - they are much less readable on screen (Times Roman was first used on Trajan's column, 2,000 years ago!), and some fonts, such asVerdana, were designed with screen readability in mind. This web site is set in Verdana which, as you can see, is clear and easy to read.

Different Types of CV

  • Chronological - outlining your career history in date order, normally beginning with the most recent items (reverse chronological) . This is the "conventional" approach and the easiest to prepare. It is detailed, comprehensive and biographical and usually works well for "traditional" students with a good all-round mixture of education and work experience. Mature students, however, may not benefit from this approach, which does emphasise your age, any career breaks and work experience which has little surface relevance to the posts you are applying for now. See an example chronological CV here
  • Skills-based: highly-focused CVs which relate your skills and abilities to a specific job or career area byhighlighting these skills and your major achievements. The factual, chronological details of your education and work history are subordinate. These work well for mature graduates and for anybody whose degree subject and work experience is not directly relevant to their application. Skills-based CVs should be closely targeted to a specific job.  

If you are applying for posts outside the UK, remember that employers in other countries are likely to have different expectations of what a CV should include and how it should be laid out. The "Global Resume and CV Handbook" (available from Reception) and the Prospects website will help you prepare CVs for overseas employment. 

 Emailed CVs and Web CVs

  • Put your covering letter as the body of your email. It's wise to format it as plain text as then it can be read by any email reader.
  • Emails are not as easy to read as letters. Stick to simple text with short paragraphs and plenty of spacing. Break messages into points and make each one a new paragraph with a full line gap between paragraphs. DON'T "SHOUT": WRITE IN UPPER CASE!
  • Your CV is then sent as an attachment. Say you'll send a printed CV if required.

In which format should you send your CV?

A survey of American recruiters found that:
  • 63% preferred MS Office Word format .doc
  • 36% preferred Adobe Acrobat format .pdf
  • 1% preferred rich-text format .rtf
  • 0% preferred text format .txt
  • 0% preferred web page format .html

The most common mistakes made via email include:

  • Accidentally clicking send before the email is ready;
  • Embarrassing spelling and grammar mistakes;
  • Accidentally sending a kiss at the end of a message;
  • Copying a client into an internal email about them;
  • Forwarding an inappropriate email trail;
  • Forgetting an attachment; and
  • Forgetting to blind copy (BCC) on a email (seethe example above!)












PDF (portable document format) is perhaps becoming a widely used format now . There are PDF-readers for all platforms (Windows, MacOS, Linux). This also guarantees that the CV will look the same, no matter what reader is used to view the document. Modern versions of Microsoft Word contain a PDF export function or you can download a free pdf converter such as Cute pdf www.cutepdf.com/Products/CutePDF/writer.asp: you install it and then "print" the document to a folder on your PC. PDFs can however sometimes prevent keyword-scanning software on job boards or applicant-tracking systems from picking up information that allows you to be found.
You can also use MS Word (.doc) format, however .doc format is not guaranteed to be compatible among different versions of Microsoft Word, so a CV might look garbled when opened with an outdated or newer version of Word. Also .doc files may not easily open on computers using Linux and Apple platforms. .doc-files may also contain sensitive information such as previous versions of a document perhaps leading to embarrassment. MS Word documents can contain macro viruses, so some employers may not open these. Send the CV in .doc (Word 2003) format, rather than .docx (Word 2010) format, as not everyone has upgraded to Word 2010, or downloaded the free file converter.
Rich Text Format (.rtf), or html (web page format) are other alternatives but as can be seen from the above survey are not usually preferred.
If in doubt send your CV in several formats. Email it back to yourself first to check it, as line lengths may be changed by your email reader.


If you reply to a job advert, be careful about what information you give.

The following are not needed by employers but can lead to identity theft. Don't include:
  • Date of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Marital status
  • Copies of birth certificate/passport documents or details of your bank
  • You only need to give your first and last names, not your middle name.